To Earl Bathurst.
' Waterloo, 19th June' 1815.
' MY LORD'
' Buonaparte, having collected the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and
6th corps of the French army, and the Imperial Guards, and nearly all the
cavalry, on the Sambre, and between that river and the Meuse, between the 10th
and 14th of the month, advanced on the 15th and attacked the Prussian posts at
Thuin and Lobbes, on the Sambre, at day-light in the morning.
' I did not hear of these events till in the evening of the
15th; and I immediately ordered the troops to prepare to march, and, afterwards
to march to their left, as soon as I had intelligence from other quarters to
prove that the enemy's movement upon Charleroi was the real attack.
' The enemy drove the Prussian posts from the Sambre on that
day; and General Ziethen, who commanded the corps which had been at Charleroi,
retired upon Fleurus; and Marshal Prince Blücher concentrated the Prussian
army upon Sombref, holding the villages in front of his position of St. Amand
' The enemy continued his march along the road from
Charleroi towards Bruxelles; and, on the same evening, the 15th, attacked a
brigade of the army of the Netherlands, under the Prince de Weimar, posted at
Frasne, and forced it back to the farm house, on the same road, called Les
' The Prince of Orange immediately reinforced this brigade
with another of the same division, under General Perponcher, and, in the
morning early, regained part of the ground which had been lost, so as to have
the command of the commumication leading from Nivelles and Bruxelles with
Marshal Blücher's position.
' In the mean time, I had directed the whole army to march
upon Les Quatre Bras; and the 5th division, under Lieut. General Sir Thomas
Picton, arrived at about half past two in the day, followed by the corps of
troops under the Duke of Brunswick, and afterwards by the contingent of Nassau.
' At this time the enemy commenced an attack upon Prince
Blücher with his whole force, excepting the 1st and 2nd corps, and a corps
of cavalry under General Kellermann, with which he attacked our post at Les
' The Prussian army maintained their position with their
usual gallantry and perseverance against a great disparity of numbers, as the
4th corps of their army, under General Bülow, had not joined; and I was
not able to assist them as I wished, as I was attacked myself, and the troops,
the cavalry in particular, which had a long distance to march, had not arrived.
' We maintained our position also, and completely defeated
and repulsed all the enemy's attempts to get possession of it. The enemy
repeatedly attacked us with a large body of infantry and cavalry, supported by
a numerous and powerful artillery. He made several charges with the cavalry
upon our infantry, but all were repulsed in the steadiest manner.
' In this affair, His Royal Highness the Prince of Orange,
the Duke of Brunswick, and Lieut. General Sir Thomas Picton, and Major Generals
Sir James Kempt and Sir Denis Pack, who were engaged from the commencement of
the enemy's attack, highly distinguished themselves, as well as Lieut. General
Charles Baron Alten, Major General Sir C. Halkett, Lieut. General Cooke, and
Major Generals Maitland and Byng, as they successively arrived. The troops of
the 5th division, and those of the Brunswick corps, were long and severely
engaged, and conducted themselves with the utmost gallantry. I must
particularly mention the 28th, 42nd, 79th, and 92nd regiments, and the
battalion of Hanoverians.
' Our loss was great, as your Lordship will perceive by the
enclosed return; and I have particularly to regret His Serene Highness the Duke
of Brunswick, who fell fighting gallantly at the head of his troops.
'Although Marshal Blücher had maintained his position
at Sombref, he still found himself much weakened by the severity of the contest
in which he had been engaged, and, as the 4th corps had not arrived, he
determined to fall back and to concentrate his army upon Wavre; and he marched
ill the night, after the action was over.
' This movement of the Marshal rendered necessary a
corresponding one upon my part; and I retired from the farm of Quatre Bras upon
Genappe, and thence upon Waterloo, the next morning, the 17th, at ten o'clock.
' The enemy made no effort to pursue Marshal Blücher.
On the contrary, a patrole which I sent to Sombref in the morning found all
quiet*; and the enemy's vedettes fell back as the patrole advanced. Neither did
he attempt to molest our march to the rear, although made in the middle of the
day, excepting by following, with a large body of cavalry brought from his
right, the cavalry under the Earl of Uxbridge.
* Lieut. Colonel the Hon. Alexander Gordon was sent,
escorted by a squadron of the 10th hussars, to communicate with the Prussian
head quarters, as to cooperation with the British army ordered to retire to the
position in front of Waterloo.
' This gave Lord Uxbridge an opportunity of charging - them
with the 1st Life Guards, upon their débouché from the village of
Genappe, upon which occasion his Lordship has declared himself to be well
satisfied with that regiment.
' The position which I took up in front of Waterloo crossed
the high roads from Charleroi and Nivelles, and had its right thrown back to a
ravine near Merke Braine, which was occupied, and its left extended to a height
above the hamlet Ter la Haye, which was likewise occupied. In front of the
right centre, and near the Nivelles road, we occupied the house and gardens of
Hougoumont, which covered the return of that flank; and in front of the left
centre we occupied the farm of La Haye Sainte. By our left we communicated with
Marshal Prince Blücher at Wavre, through Ohain; and the Marshal had
promised me that, in case we should be attacked, he would support me with one
or more corps, as might be necessary.
' The enemy collected his army, with the exception of the
3rd corps, which had been sent to observe Marshal Blücher, on a range of
heights in our front, in the course of the night of the 17th and yesterday
morning, and at about ten o'clock he commenced a furious attack upon our post
at Hougoumont. I had occupied that post with a detachment from General Byng's
brigade of Guards, which was in position in its rear; and it was for some time
under the command of Lieut. Colonel Macdonell, and afterwards of Colonel Home;
and I am happy to add that it was maintained throughout the day with the utmost
gallantry by these brave troops, notwithstanding the repeated efforts of large
bodies of the enemy to obtain possession of it.
' This attack upon the right of our centre was accompanied
by a very heavy cannonade upon our whole line, which was destined to support
the repeated attacks of cavalry and infantry, occasionally mixed, but sometimes
separate, which were made upon it. In one of these the enemy carried the farm
house of La Haye Sainte, as the detachment of the light battalion of the German
Legion, which occupied it, had expended all its ammunition; and the enemy
occupied the only communication there was with them.
'The enemy repeatedly charged our infantry with his cavalry,
but these attacks were uniformly unsuccessful; and they afforded opportunities
to our cavalry to charge, in one of which Lord E. Somerset's brigade,
consisting of the Life Guards, the Royal Horse Guards, and 1st dragoon guards,
highly distinguished themselves, as did that of Major General Sir William
Ponsonby, having taken many prisoners and an eagle.
' These attacks were repeated till about seven in the
evening, when the enemy made a desperate effort with cavalry and infantry,
supported by the fire of artillery, to force our left centre, near the farm of
La Haye Sainte, which, after a severe contest, was defeated; and, having
observed that the troops retired from this attack in great confusion, and that
the march of General Bülow's corps, by Frischermont, upon Planchenois and
La Belle Alliance, had begun to take effect, and as I could perceive the fire
of his cannon, and as Marshal Prince Blücher had joined in person with a
corps of his army to the left of our line by Ohain, I determined to attack the
enemy, and immediately advanced the whole line of infantry, supported by the
cavalry and artillery. The attack succeeded in every point: the enemy was
forced from his positions on the heights, and fled in the utmost confusion,
leaving behind him, as far as I could judge, 150 pieces of cannon, with their
ammunition, which fell into our hands.
' I continued the pursuit till long after dark, and then
discontinued it only on account of the fatigue of our troops, who had been
engaged during twelve hours, and because I found myself on the same road with
Marshal Blücher, who assured me of his intention to follow the enemy
throughout the night. He has sent me word this morning that he had taken 60
pieces of cannon belonging to the Imperial Guard, and several carriages,
baggage, &c., belonging to Buonaparte, in Genappe.
' I propose to move this morning upon Nivelles, and not to
discontinue my operations.
' Your Lordship will observe that such a desperate action
could not be fought, and such advantages could not be gained, without great
loss; and I am sorry to add that ours has been immense. In Lieut. General Sir
Thomas Picton His Majesty has sustained the loss of an officer who has
frequently distinguished himself in his service, and he fell gloriously leading
his division to a charge with bayonets, by which one of the most serious
attacks made by the enemy on our position was repulsed, The Earl of Uxbridge,
after having successfully got through this arduous day, received a wound by
almost the last shot fired, which will, I am afraid, deprive His Majesty for
some time of his services
' His Royal Highness the Prince of Orange distinguished
himself by his gallantry and conduct, till he received a wound from a musket
ball through the shoulder, which obliged him to quit the field.
' It gives me the greatest satisfaction to assure your
Lordship that the army never, upon any occasion, conducted itself better. The
division of Guards, under Lieut. General Cooke, who is severely wounded, Major
General Maitland, and Major General Byng, set an example which was followed by
all; and there is no officer nor description of troops that did not behave
' I must, however, particularly mention, for His Royal
Highness's approbation, Lieut. General Sir H. Clinton, Major General Adam,
Lieut. General Charles Baron Alten (severely wounded), Major General Sir Colin
Halkett (severely wounded), Colonel Ompteda, Colonel Mitchell (commanding a
brigade of the 4th division), Major Generals Sir James Kempt and Sir D. Pack,
Major General Lambert, Major General Lord E. Somerset, Major General Sir W.
Ponsonby, Major General Sir C. Grant, and Major General Sir H. Vivian, Major
General Sir O. Vandeleur, and Major General Count Dornberg.
' I am also particularly indebted to General Lord Hill for
his assistance and conduct upon this, as upon all former occasions .
' The artillery and engineer departments were conducted much
to my satisfaction by Colonel Sir George Wood and Colonel Smyth; and I had
every reason to be satisfied with the conduct of the Adjutant General, Major
General Barnes, who was wounded, and of the Quarter Master General, Colonel De
Lancey, who was killed by a cannon shot in the middle of the action. This
officer is a serious loss to His Majesty's service, and to me at this moment.
' I was likewise much indebted to the assistance of Lieut.
Colonel Lord FitzRoy Somerset, who was severely wounded, and of the officers
composing my personal Staff, who have suffered severely in this action. Lieut.
Colonel the Hon. Sir Alexander Gordon, who has died of his wounds, was a most
promising officer, and is a serious loss to His Majesty's service.
' General Kruse, of the Nassau service, likewise conducted
himself much to my satisfaction; as did General Tripp, commending the heavy
brigade of cavalry, and General Vanhope, commanding a Brigade of infantry in
the service of the King, of the Netherlands.
' General Pozzo di Borgo, General Baron Vincent, General
Muffling, and General Alava, were in the field during: the action, and rendered
me every assistance in their power. Baron Vincent is wounded, but I hope not
severely; and General Pozzo di Borgo received a contusion.
' I should not do justice to my own feelings, or to Marshal
Blücher and the Prussian army, if I did not attribute the successful
result of this arduous day to the cordial and timely assistance I received from
them. The operation of General Bülow upon the enemy's flank was a most
decisive one; and, even if I had not found myself in a situation to make the
attack which produced the final result, it would have forced the enemy to
retire if his attacks should have failed, and would have prevented him from
taking advantage of them if they should unfortunately have succeeded.
' Since writing the above, I have received a report that
Major General Sir William Ponsonby is killed; and, in announcing this
intelligence to your Lordship, I have to add the expression of my grief for the
fate of an officer who had already rendered very brilliant and important
services, and was an ornament to his profession.
' I send with this dispatch three eagles, taken by the
troops in this action, which Major Percy will have the honor of laying at the
feet of His Royal Highness. I beg leave to recommend him to your Lordship's
' I have the honor to be, &c.
Return of the Killed, Wounded and Missing of the
British and Hanoverian Army under the Command of Field Marshal the Duke of
Wellington, K.G., in the battle fought at Quatre Bras on the 16th June,
||Rank and file
On the retreat from Quatre Bras to Waterloo, on the
17th June, 1815.
||Rank and file
In the battle fought at Waterloo on the 18th June,
||Rank and file
The greater number of the men returned missing had gone to
the rear with wounded officers and soldiers, and joined afterwards. The
officers are supposed killed.
To the King of the Netherlands.
' à Bruxelles, ce 19 JUIN, 1815.
' Je prends la liberté de féliciter votre
Majesté sur les événemens des derniers jours, sur lesquels
le Général Reede et M. Van Capellen auront donnés à
votre Majesté des renseignemens.
' Je demande pardon à votre Majesté d'avoir
omis jusqu'à présent de faire à votre Majesté mon
rapport; mais j'ai été si fort occupé que cela ne m'a pas
été possible dans ces derniers jours. J'espère, cependant,
' J'ai grand plaisir à faire savoir à votre
Majesté que le Prince d'Orange se porte aussi bien que possible.
J'ai l'honneur d'être, &c.
To the Earl of Aberdeen, K.T.
' Bruxelles, 19th June, 1815.
MY DEAR LORD,
' You will readily give credit to the existence of the
extreme grief with which I announce to you the death of your gallant brother,
in consequence of a wound received in our great battle of yesterday.
' He had served me most zealously and usefully for many
years, and on many trying occasions; but he had never rendered himself more
useful, and had never distinguished himself more, than in our late actions.
' He received the wound which occasioned his death when
rallying one of the Brunswick battalions which was shaking a little; and he
lived long enough to be informed by myself of the glorious result of our
actions, to which he had so much contributed by his active and zealous
' I cannot express to you the regret and sorrow with which I
look round me, and contemplate the loss which I have sustained, particularly in
your brother. The glory resulting from such actions, so dearly bought, is no
consolation to me, and I cannot suggest it as any to you and his friends; but I
hope that it may be expected that this last one has been so decisive, as that
no doubt remains that our exertions and our individual losses will be rewarded
by the early attainment of our just object. It is then that the glory of the
actions in which our friends and relations have fallen will be some consolation
for their loss.
' Believe me &c.
' Your brother had a black horse, given to him, I believe,
by Lord Ashburnham, which I will keep till I hear from you what you wish should
be done with it.,
To the Duke of Beaufort, K.G.
' Bruxelles, 19th June, 1815.
MY DEAR LORD,
' I am very sorry to have to acquaint you that your brother
FitzRoy is very severely wounded, and has lost his right arm. I have just seen
him, and he is perfectly free from fever, and as well as anybody could be under
such circumstances. You are aware how useful he has always been to me; and how
much I shall feel the want of his assistance, and what a regard and affection I
feel for him; and you will readily believe how much concerned I am for his
misfortune. Indeed, the losses I have sustained, have quite broken me down; and
I have no feeling for the advantages we have acquired. I hope, however, that
your brother will soon be able to join me again; and that he will long live to
be as he is likely to become, an honor to his country, as he is a satisfaction
to his family and friends.
Believe me, &c.
To Earl Bathurst.
'Bruxelles, 19th June, 1815.
' I have to inform your Lordship, in addition to my dispatch
of this morning, that we have already got here 5000 prisoners, taken in the
action of yesterday, and that there are above 2000 more coming in to-morrow.
There will probably be many more.
' Amongst the prisoners are the Comte de Lobau, who
commanded the 6th corps, and General Cambrone, who commanded a division of the
Guards. ' I propose to send the whole to England, by Ostend. :
' I have the honor to be, &c.