RECOLLECTIONS OF MARSHAL MACDONALD
|French Marshal Etienne
Macdonald was born in 1765 into an exiled Scottish family living in
pre-revolutionary France. He eventually joined the army and fought with
distinction in Holland and Italy before being unfairly disgraced and retired
from service before the start of the Empire in 1804. He was later restored to
favor and quickly earned the only battlefield commission for the rank of
Marshal as a reward for his rescue of the French Army's left flank at the 1809
Battle of Wagram.
After being widowed for the third time in 1825,
Macdonald began writing down his life's exploits for the benefit of his then
infant son. His recollections, for they do not really count as memoirs, were
written entirely from memory, but as a result they have a simple honesty which
is enjoyable to read. This on-line edition is from the 1893 release published
by the Marshal's grand-daughter long after he passed away in 1840.
- THE FRENCH REVOLUTION
- Chapter 2
- First CampaignBattle of Jemmappes
Dumouriez's TreacheryEvents at LilleInterrogation End of the
- Chapter 3
- Execution of LamarliereSkirmishes at Linselles and
ComminesA Warlike CommissionerDenunciationGeneral
PichegruBelgium and HollandBattle of Hooglede.
- Chapter 4
- Passage of the WaalReconnaissance at
ArnheimCapitulation of NaardenOn the Banks of the Yssel The
Peace of BasleCommand in OverysselOrdered to
- Chapter 5
- Army of the Sambre and MeuseMistake of General
CastelvertFresh Hostilities on the RhineArrival of General
AugereauPoliteness and Literary Attainments of General Lefebvre.
- THE 1809 CAMPAIGN
- Chapter 15
- Arrival at GratzAdvance to RaabBattle of
- Chapter 16
- The Eve of WagramBattle of WagramThe
Marshal's Bâton gained on the Field of BattleDismissal of
- THE 1812-1814 CAMPAIGNS
- Chapter 19
- Preparations for the Russian CampaignOn the
Niemen Retreat towards TilsitIntense ColdAnxiety and
DoubtsDefection of the Prussians.
- Chapter 20
- A TrapA Terrible MarchRussian
UntrustworthinessAlarm of the King of NaplesSummons to
ParisReception by the Emperor.
- Chapter 21
- Battle of LutzenOccupation of DresdenBattle
of BautzenSurrender of VandammeSkirmish at GoldbergBattle of
the Katzbach Disorderly RetreatGeneral Sebastiani.
- Chapter 22
- Concentration at DresdenBattle of Leipsic
Treachery of the HessiansDestruction of the BridgeConfusion and
DisorderPassage of the ElsterA Terrible Spectacle.
- Chapter 23
- Marshal AugereauPassage of the SaaleAt
ErfurtPlain Speaking Arrival at
GelnhausenDiscouragementIn Hanau Woods Issue from the
WoodsEntry into Hanau.
- Chapter 24
- Conversation with the Emperor
Want of MoneyEvacuation of ArnheimSurprise of Neuss The
Enemy cross the RhineAdvance into France.
- Chapter 25
- Campaign in FranceBombardment of
ChalonsCongress of Chatillon Surprise at TroyesRetreat of the
EnemyThe Emperor at ArcisDeparture of the Emperor.
- Chapter 26
- Battle of ArcisOn the MarneBattle of St.
DizierBefore Vitry An Unlucky MisprintReturn towards
ParisThe Approaching End.